The Five Foundations of Adaptive Functional Fitness

Adaptive Functional Fitness goals are different from able-bodied functional fitness goals because people with disabilities have to be able to perform demanding physical tasks just to be able to participate in many of life’s activities. In comparison, these same tasks are relatively easy for the able-bodied to accomplish because the activities have been designed with them in mind.


Five Foundations

The goal of Adaptive Functional Fitness training is to improve your Five Foundations of Personal Mobility, Transfer Capability, Carrying Capacity, Resilience-to-Injury, and Adaptive Performance Quotient.

Personal Mobility is the ability of the person to get from one location to another. It can be evaluated by using the following metrics.

  • Range of travel: The distance the person can travel.
  • Speed of travel: How fast the person can travel.
  • Maneuverability: Agility, Turning Radius, Backwards Movement, Sideways    Movement, Stopping Distance, Speed Control.
  • The variability of environments the person is able to deal with.
  • The person’s independence from outside assistance.

Transfer Capability is the ability of the person to move his or her body from one surface to another. The metrics are

  • Variability of surfaces
  • Independence from outside assistance

Carrying Capacity is the ability of the person to transport items from one location to another.

  • The variability of objects able to transport.
  • The variability of environments the person is able to deal with.

Resilience-to-Injury is the ability of the person to handle situations and events with a reasonably low risk of bodily and psychological injury.

  • The variability of environment
  • and the extent of situations able to be handled without injury.

Adaptive Performance Quotient is a combination of human development based physiological, psychological, and neurological abilities that effects the person’s capability to perform. It is made up of the person’s:

  • Level of confidence in his/her capabilities.
  • Ability to accurately assess situations and personal capabilities in real-time.
  • Rapid decision making ability.
  • Coordination, balance, timing, and speed.
  • Complex skill acquisition and execution capability.